Eight non-governmental media organizations, including the Independent Journalism Center, issued a joint statement condemning participants’ illegal behavior during a protest organized by the Shor Party, where two female journalists were physically and verbally assaulted as they carried out their task of informing citizens about events of public interest.
According to the Agora portal, journalist Irina Soltan faced verbal and physical harassment while documenting the protest. Similarly, video footage captured a protest participant insulting and threatening TV8 reporter Viorica Tataru.
The signatories of the statement warn that such aggressive behavior constitutes a violation of the right to bodily integrity of the person, individual freedom and safety, as well as an interference with the special rights guaranteed to journalists.
They demanded Moldovan law enforcement authorities, in accordance with their legal powers, take note of the acts committed and to initiate the procedures provided for by law with a view to holding the perpetrators responsible.
The European Court of Human Rights has condemned the Republic of Moldova in 568 cases, 21 of which relate to violations of the freedom of expression, protected under ECtHR Article 10. These findings were published on September 12 in a study prepared by the Center for Legal Resources in Moldova (CRJM) marking the 25th anniversary of the ECtHR’s first examination of complaints against our state.
Fourteen of the identified 21 cases concern the erroneous examination of defamation cases or accusations. Other cases of condemnation were the suspension of the activity of a media institution; the dismissal of a whistleblower bringing to light illegalities committed by their employer; the lack of sufficient legal guarantees against censorship in public broadcasting; unjustified punishment for criticizing judges; and imprisonment for a protest.
The document summarizes all violations, their types, and judgments. In total, under the judgments and decisions handed down until 31 December 2021, the Government of the Republic of Moldova has been ordered to pay almost €22 million.
Accent TV and Primul in Moldova have changed their administrator. The information was confirmed for the Independent Journalism Center’s Media Azi portal by the Broadcasting Council, which was notified of the changes on Friday, 23 September.
According to a letter dated 22 September and received by the BC from Telesistem TV, the owner of Accent TV and Primul in Moldova, has changed “as of 19 September 2022.” The letter was signed by the company’s new administrator, Arina Corșicova.
The confirmation follows the press’ attention-drawing articles on the political aspects of this transaction over the past two days. According to the online publication Newsmaker.md, Arina Corșicova allegedly has links to the Shor Party. The portal, referring to open sources, claims that in 2015, Corșicova was one of the donors to Ilan Șor’s electoral campaign. Ziarul de Garda identified the Moda-Prestij company, which Corșicova owns, as a campaign sponsor. Diafan, Corșicova’s other company, also holds a 4.96% stake in Social Bank, controlled by Ilan Șor.
Arina Corșicova could not be reached by phone to confirm or deny this information. Asked by Media Azi whether the channels Primul in Moldova and Accent TV are now affiliated to the Shor Party, Alina Sargu, the party’s press secretary, said she had no information about the transaction.
The situation in the audiovisual sector would improve considerably if we solved the problems of advertising and ownership concentration, says the president of the Broadcasting Council (BC), Liliana Vitu, in an interview with journalist Dumitru Ciorici on his Telegram channel.
In her opinion, “the audiovisual market in our country is artificially inflated, first of all, by holding companies created by political groups, with political purposes, into which less clean money flows from outside.”
Liliana Vitu also believes that a balance has not yet been struck between those who invest in local content and those who exist from broadcast content. “That’s why the first priority for monitoring this year, and I think it will remain valid for the whole mandate, will be to monitor local and Romanian-language programs, as local channels must have 80% of content in Romanian and 70% to be broadcast in prime-time.”
With this in mind, the BC has for the first time proposed to monitor all radio stations broadcasting nationally and locally.
|A new draft law, registered in Parliament on 28 September by a group of Action and Solidarity Party MPs, provides for several changes to the Audiovisual Media Services Code, including further detailing and clarifying of the rules on prime time and self-promotion spots. According to the authors of the legislative initiative, the document aims to avoid different interpretations and uneven application of the law, and to adjust the existing regulatory framework to current realities.|
The draft proposes to treat self-promotion spots as local programs, as editorial resources are used to produce them. At the same time, it provides for an increase in the prime viewing hours for television services by one hour in the morning and one hour in the evening, i.e. from 6 a.m. to 10 a.m. and from 5 p.m. to midnight. This would help to ensure that 75% of local programming, including commercial announcements — 12 minutes for one hour of broadcasting — is strictly adhered to during prime time, and that the program schedule is attractive to the public.
It also proposes to oblige media service providers to broadcast at least 80% of local audiovisual programs in Romanian, with the exception for media service providers whose content is aimed at communities in administrative-territorial units where an ethnic minority represents a majority share. These providers are obliged to broadcast at least 25% of their local audiovisual programs in Romanian, as well as their own audiovisual programs in the language of the minority concerned.
Other changes in the law concern the financing and transparency of broadcasters’ ownership.
Most amendments were drafted based on broadcaster requests made during meetings and public events on the application of the provisions concerning local audiovisual programs.
The Parliamentary Media Committee has announced public consultations on the draft law for 4 October.
At its 26 August meeting, the Broadcasting Council (BC) examined the monitoring results of a news bulletin broadcast by NTV Moldova on 13 July. There, it found violations of Article 13 of the Audiovisual Media Services Code (AMSC) on ensuring correct information, an authority press release said.
The monitoring, carried out at the request of BC chair Liliana Vitu, revealed that in a N4 TV station news item focusing on statements made by Party of Communists (PCRM) President Vladimir Voronin, unsubstantiated accusations were made against the current government and President Maia Sandu. According to the BC, allegations and accusations from a politician should be followed by the channel explaining aspects of his statements, shedding light on controversial nuances.
In the report, Vladimir Voronin says: “We have submitted around 70-80 bills this year. It is not that they have not been adopted, voted on, but they have not even been put on the agenda of the Parliament, and 99% of them are social bills.” Reacting to these claims, the station quoted PAS spokeswoman, though it was unclear if she was specifically asked about the 70-80 bills.
BC members fined the station 15,000 lei (790 euro) for not verifying and for not presenting the information impartially and in good faith.
In the same broadcast, NTV Moldova also aired a report on the Sri Lankan riots, where it used footage taken without indicating the source, for which it was also sanctioned with a public warning.
|The BC has publicly warned radio stations Bugeac FM, Albena and Radio.md for violations regarding the volume of local and Romanian language broadcasts. The decision was taken on 2 September, following a self-reporting by BC vice-president Ana Gonta.|
Bugeac FM and Radio.md did not comply with the provision of the Audiovisual Media Services Code which obliges media service providers “to broadcast, within the framework of sound broadcasting services, local audiovisual programs with the following average daily duration: at least 6 hours for each audiovisual media service – for local private media service providers”.
Albena radio station was sanctioned for violating the article stipulating that “media service providers whose audiovisual media services are addressed to communities in administrative-territorial units where an ethnic minority represents a majority share are obliged to broadcast at least 25% of local audiovisual programs in Romanian, as well as own-produced audiovisual programs in the language of the respective minority.”
|At its meeting on 2 September, the BC examined the monitoring results of Moldova 1, Prime, N4, RTR Moldova and NTV Moldova regarding their compliance with requirements of the Audiovisual Media Services Code on the correctness of the spoken and written language. BC Chairwoman, Liliana Vitu, informed that all broadcasters will undergo such controls at the meeting’s open.|
Viorica Molea, a university lecturer with a doctorate in philology, who analyzed news programs and talk shows presented by the five broadcasters, found that the expression of reporters and TV program-makers left something to be desired, but could be improved if editors were employed in each newsroom to follow the programs during the preparation stage.
BC member Larisa Turea noted that “even the professor in the classroom does not have the audience that our TVs have.” She expressed concern about the performance of some journalists and suggested that the BC should monitor these topics more frequently.
The six members of the BC present at the meeting voted unanimously to sanction the five stations with a public warning.
After several public warnings issued last week, the Broadcasting Council has sanctioned four more radio stations for volume violations of local and Romanian language programming. Four private local radio stations were monitored — Europa Plus Moldova, Radio Zoom 2, Radio Relax and Pro 100 Radio.
The monitoring revealed that the four radio stations either did not meet legal volume requirements of their local programs or violated the Code in terms of content broadcast in Romanian. Radio Europa Plus Moldova, for example, produced less than six hours of local programs, but the proportion of local programs in Romanian was within legal limits. Radio Relax did not broadcast the minimum six hours of local audiovisual programs, and what was broadcast did not meet the 80% share minimum threshold.
Radio Zoom 2 did not broadcast Romanian language programs at the legally required 80%. Pro 100 Radio presented local programs in Russian and Gagauz and the share of local programs in Romanian was zero.
The four broadcasters were sanctioned with a public warning.
Following the self-reporting of the BC vice-president, Ana Gonta, the monitoring results of Drochia FM, Vocea Basarabiei, Mega HIT, Diaspora FM, Maestro FM, Publika FM and Bas FM were examined at the 23 September meeting, exploring compliance with the mandatory volume of local product and content broadcast in Romanian.
According to the monitoring report, only two — Drochia FM and Vocea Basarabiei — did not commit any violations. The other five either did not provide six hours of local product or did not broadcast 80% of their content in Romanian. For such violations, the five broadcasters were sanctioned with a public warning.
At the same meeting, radio stations Noroc and Vocea Basarabiei were fined 5000 lei each (290 euro) for making changes to their broadcasting license without written permission from the BC.
At the same time, the BC examined and approved the final draft of the Regulation on the retransmission license, after the document was debated in public consultations. With the vote of six members present at the meeting (four offline and two online), the Regulation was submitted to the Ministry of Justice, the National Anti-Corruption Centre, the Ministry of Economy, the Competition Council and the State Commission for the Regulation of Entrepreneurial Activity for expertise and approval.
Affected by two crises, the Covid-19 pandemic and the war in Ukraine, the media community in Moldova is increasingly facing the phenomenon of professional burnout. Journalist fatigue is making many newsrooms feel visibly weak. What solutions do media managers and journalists have to prevent and overcome this phenomenon? The topic was discussed on the Media Azi Show by journalist Anastasia Nani and her guest Doina Ipatii, a former journalist and now a psychologist with Catatim-Imaginative.
A recent decision by the Council of Europe on the ECHR’s ruling in Manole and Others v. Moldova, which has not been definitively enforced by the Republic of Moldova, is pressuring authorities in Chisinau to revise last year’s amendments to the Audiovisual Media Services Code. It should be recalled that these amendments brought the public media service provider back under parliamentary control and overrode the mechanisms guaranteeing the independence of the Broadcasting Council and Teleradio-Moldova. The Independent Journalism Centre sounded the alarm to the CoE Committee of Ministers, and the European institution took a decision, which was examined in an advanced procedure in Strasbourg in June. What next? Journalist Victoria Dodon spoke to several journalists and media experts on Media Azi Show on the subject.
The production of Media Azi Show was made possible thanks to the generous support of the American and British people through the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and the UK.
Nineteen participants, nine projects on social inclusion and four winning multimedia projects — this is the result of the two-day Multimedia Workshop “Innovation for Inclusion,” organized by the Independent Journalism Center (IJC) with support from the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation.
The event was held on 15-16 September in Chisinau and convened journalists, educators, psychologists, representatives of vulnerable groups, representatives of organizations active in the field of human rights promotion, IT developers and others interested in contributing to the promotion of social cohesion, diversity and tolerance.
Opening the event, Ina Grejdeanu, Director of Strategic Development at the IJC, described the multimedia lab’s role in the IJC’s ongoing effort to promote cohesion. On behalf of the Swiss Cooperation Office, participants were welcomed by Natalia Cernat, coordinator of the Small Grants and Social Inclusion Program, who explained the reasons her organization supports such initiatives.
During the two-day workshop, two media experts in the field of new technologies instructed participants in creating multimedia content — Gulim Amirkhanova, journalist and author of TV and online journalism training programs in Kazakhstan, and Ana Gherciu, journalist and executive director of the Moldova.org portal.
The program of the Multimedia Lab, “Innovation for Inclusion” included several meetings with guests and special guests who shared their experiences. Among them, Galina Climov, executive director of the Alliance of Organizations for People with Disabilities, Oana Sandu, reporter at the portal Decat o Revistă (DoR), Nicolae Cheles, president of the National Youth Council of Moldova, Alina Andronache, project coordinator at the Partnership for Development Centre.
Under the guidance of national and international trainers, participants presented their project ideas to a panel of judges, who determined the best of show. The winners are: “Happy and Informed till Old Age,” author Ludmila Adamciuc (My Girlfriend blog); “Your hands can talk too!,” authors Ala Bargan and Maxim Bargan (Republican House of Deaf Culture of Moldova); “Now and not in old age,” authors Cristina Ghermanschi and Elena Cioina (Sănătate.info); “She / Take everything from life!,” authors Olga Afanas (NGO Women’s Network for Democracy) and Marina Afanas (journalist, TV producer).
The winning teams will receive a grant of €1,500 each and will have six months to finalize and publish their multimedia projects.
The multimedia lab “Innovation for Inclusion” is held in the framework of the project “Building cohesion in Moldova through promoting social inclusion and diminishing discrimination” implemented by the Independent Journalism Center within the program “Joint Initiative for Equal Opportunities – Phase II”, implemented from the resources provided by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC).
The Independent Journalism Center (IJC), in collaboration with DW Akademie and with the support of experts from Ukraine, Lithuania, Romania and the Republic of Moldova, has developed and launched a roadmap outlining the steps needed for our country to integrate media literacy concepts into core subjects. The document was presented by Natalia Griu, leader of the Working Group on Wednesday, 14 September 2022 in an online meeting. She summarized the three stages of the document’s development: research, drafting, and finally, consultation and validation.
Among others, the document considers the revision of three curricula for the optional subject Media Education, as well as the introduction of the Media Education section on the Moldova 1 public television channel.
IJC Executive Director Nadine Gogu stated that the IJC will maintain the objective of promoting media education in its Strategy for the coming years. Program Director in Moldova at DW Akademie Olena Ponomarenko noted that teachers who teach Media Education already have some experience of integrating media concepts into their subjects. Marcela Adam, Secretary of the Parliamentary Committee on Culture, Education, Research, Youth, Sport and the Media, expressed the hope that efforts of national and international experts will have the desired impact in educating a “critical thinking” society. Valentin Crudu, Head of the General Education Directorate of the Ministry of Education and Research, was open to integrating media education concepts into other subjects, drawing on the experience of Ukraine, Romania and Lithuania.
The implementation period is 2023-2025. The document will consolidate the latest proposals from the Working Group’s final meeting and will be sent to the Ministry of Education and Research.
The Working Group is created within the project “Strengthening Media Literacy in the Republic of Moldova,” with the support of Deutsche Welle Akademie and with the financial support of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), in partnership with the Ministry of Education and Research of the Republic of Moldova.
|The winners of the second “Media education – priority in my school” competition, organized by the Independent Journalism Centre —|
Sircova Gymnasium (Sircova village), “Al. Puskin” (Rezina district), Falesti, Gymnasium “Alecu Mare” and International School “Heritage” (both in Chisinau) — have established a Media Education Corner, where students can carry out various activities to promote critical thinking in a dedicated, comfortable space.The first competition took place in the 2020-2021 academic year and the second in 2021-2022, where 24 schools participated with the mission to promote media literacy in school and extracurricular activities. The winners of 2020-2021 received an interactive whiteboard. The second edition ended with four winning schools, who were each awarded a Media Education Corner.The competition was organized in the framework of the project “Strengthening Media Literacy in the Republic of Moldova,” with the support of Deutsche Welle Akademie and the financial support of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), in partnership with the Ministry of Education and Research of the Republic of Moldova. IJC launched the third edition of the competition “Media Education – a priority in my school.”
|The Independent Journalism Center (IJC), with the support of Deutsche Welle Akademie and in partnership with the Ministry of Education and Research of the Republic of Moldova, launched the third “Media Literacy – Priority in my School” competition among pre-university educational institutions across the country.|
Two categories of schools are eligible to compete: schools that taught the optional subject Media Literacy in at least one of the three grades — primary, secondary, or high school in academic year 2022-2023; or schools that did not teach Media Literacy in academic year 2022-2023. Seven schools will be selected among the first category, and five schools among the second. The 24 teams who participated previously are not eligible for this year’s competition. However, if the teams are led by teachers from the 24 institutions, they remain eligible.
Selected schools will participate in the second stage of the competition and will have six months to carry out media education activities from 1 November 2022 to 30 April 2023.
The full application will be submitted electronically by 10 October 2022 to firstname.lastname@example.org and the results of the first round of the competition will be announced during Media Literacy Week, 19-25 October 2022.
The competition is organized by the Independent Journalism Center in the framework of the project “Strengthening Media Literacy Skills in the Republic of Moldova,” with the support of Deutsche Welle Akademie and the financial support of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), in partnership with the Ministry of Education and Research of the Republic of Moldova.
|How can we protect ourselves from online manipulation? Psychology and sociology experts from Cambridge University in the UK have recently published a study exploring inoculation theory — debunking false information in advance. The CuMINTE podcast producers interviewed one of the study’s authors, Dr. Jon Roozenbeek, a postdoctoral fellow in psychology.|
He compared inoculation to a medical vaccine. When introduced to a vaccine, i.e. the dead virus, antibodies are created in the body which, when infected with the real virus, activate and protect the human body. People can also build up resistance to misinformation. When someone tries to convince them that certain things are true but are in fact false, they then have tools to resist.
The study recommends five short videos, each about ninety seconds long, to inoculate people against particular manipulation techniques. Two of the videos were also posted on YouTube. “Watching just one of our videos increased YouTube users’ ability to recognize misinformation,” says Roozenbeek. He believes such short videos are effective in improving one’s ability to recognize manipulative content, even on social media.
“You can’t stop people from producing misinformation,” he says, but “we can help create a collective psychological immunity. We can make them more resistant to misinformation”.
The cuMINTE podcast is produced by the Independent Journalism Center with support from the Black Sea Trust, a project of the German Marshall Fund of the United States. The views expressed in this material do not necessarily represent those of the Black Sea Trust or its partners.
|On 8 September, supporters and members of the Shor political party from several districts of the country, descended into Chisinau protesting in front of the offices of the Presidency and Parliament of the Republic of Moldova. It came a week after the party’s president, Ilan Shor, declared “the resignation of the current government is the only solution to the complicated crisis facing the Republic of Moldova.” Demonstrators held posters and chanted anti-government slogans, demanding the resignation of President Maia Sandu and early parliamentary elections.|
The Mediacritica portal followed the protest and the demonstrations that continued the following day. News bulletins from seven of the most watched national TV channels in Moldova were analyzed — Moldova 1, TV6, TV8, Pro TV Chisinau, NTV Moldova, Prime TV and TVR Moldova.
The author of the analysis, journalist Victoria Dodon, concluded that TV channels provided mostly balanced coverage of topics related to the protests, respecting the legal rules to present opposing views. Occasionally, however, the mixing of facts and opinions and the lack of right of reply could be observed.
Similarly, Dodon notes the differences in approaches newsrooms utilized in their coverage — the space allotted for the topic, the questions asked to the protesters, and the voices varied. Some channels, such as TV6, claimed that the police prevented the protest actions (stopping transportation, checking documents, banning tents in certain areas, detaining equipment, the presence of masks from the “Lightning” battalion, etc.) as well as the difficulties encountered by several citizens unable to reach the protest in the capital.
At the other end of the spectrum, channels such as Moldova 1, TV8, Pro TV Chisinau or TVR Moldova insisted on details that presented the organizers and the event itself negatively: the demonstrators were brought in, organized, and paid; they were provided food; many of them do not know why they came or what they want from the current government.
In contrast to TV6’s tendency to place the police in a negative light, Pro TV Chisinau was keen to stress that the police were fulfilling their mission of ensuring public order. “Thus, viewers risk forming completely different impressions if they choose to watch one channel or the other,” the author concludes.
In addition, some TV stations failed to place the events of 18-19 September in a broader context. They did not mention, for example, the criminal cases involving the leader of the Shor Party, the so-called “theft of the billion.” However, Dodon argues, such details can be decisive for a consumer, helping him or her to relate to events of greater public interest in society.
The material was produced as part of the project “Fighting propaganda and manipulation through media literacy tools,” implemented by the Independent Journalism Center from November 2021 to November 2022, with the support of the Black Sea Trust, a project of the German Marshall Fund of the United States. The views expressed in this material do not necessarily represent those of the Black Sea Trust or its partners.
IJC and Internews Updates
The importance of the optional course Media Literacy, as well as the need to educate critical thinking generations, were discussed among representatives of Russian-language school administrations in the southern districts of the Republic of Moldova. The event was organized by the Independent Journalism Center (IJC) on 9 September 2022 in Taraclia.
Anastasia Nani, Deputy Director of the IJC, presented the Center’s achievements in this field and outlined efforts to promote the course, including in Russian-language schools. Oxana Iutes, Deputy Director of Internews in Moldova, stressed that the efforts of civil society should be combined with those of teachers, authorities and parents to raise critical thinking generations.
The event was attended by managers of Russian-language schools in Musaitu, Tvardita, Moscow, Cairaclia, Ciumai, Cioc-Maidan, Kirsovo, Cazaclia, Congaz and Taraclia and was moderated by Natalia Griu, one of the Media Literacy textbooks’ authors.
Workshop participants confirmed the importance of developing critical thinking among students and said they would investigate the possibility of introducing Media Literacy into their institutions. They received a set of Media Literacy textbooks in Russian for the three levels of education to help them explore the possibility of introducing the course in their schools.
This was the second workshop to which the IJC invited principals and vice-principals of Russian-language schools to discuss the prospects for Media Literacy, the first having been held in Balti.
The event was organized by the Independent Journalism Center within the project “Boosting Support to Russian-language independent media and media literacy efforts: Phase II,” implemented by Internews in Moldova. This project is funded by the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
|Thirteen journalists learned on Friday 23 September at a training organized by the Independent Journalism Center (IJC) how to claim their rights. Together with trainer Cristina Durnea, legal advisor at the IJC, participants identified common legal problems faced by newsrooms in the Republic of Moldova and their solutions.|
Journalists discussed the procedure for exercising the right of access to information, examined the content of access to information requests, analyzed information with restricted accessibility and the categories of data that the authorities are entitled not to provide.
Participants also studied the tension between journalists’ freedom of expression and the rights of their subjects. Representatives of the 10 newsrooms explored conditions for restricting freedom of expression, analyzed the concept of honor, dignity and professional reputation of their subjects, as well as the differences between value judgements, factual reporting and insults.
Cristina Durnea spoke to reporters and editors about the presumption of innocence and parliamentary or presidential immunity in defamation cases and outlined steps a newsroom should take when receiving pre-trial applications.
Participants in the training represented the newsrooms Replica Media, Prime TV, RISE Moldova, Ziarul de Garda, Moldova.org, Radio Orhei, Cu Sens, TV8, Agora and SP from Balti.
The training was organized by the Independent Journalism Center in the framework of the project “Media Enabling Democracy, Inclusion and Accountability in Moldova”(MEDIA-M), funded by USAID, UK and implemented by Internews in Moldova.
|The Independent Journalism Center (IJC) has updated the credibility rating of 40 news portals on the Media Radar platform. Content monitoring took place from 5–8 September and the results were announced in three stages on 12, 14 and 16 September.|
The 40 portals monitored by the IJC’s expert evaluators are: Diez.md, Protv.md, Tribuna.md, Jurnal.md, Nokta.md, Nordnews.md, Ntv.md, Primelestiri.md, Realitatea.md, Telegraph.md, Kp.md, Deschide.md, Publika.md, Replicamedia.md, Paranteze.md, Actualitati.md, Cotidianul.md,Newsmaker.md, Tuk.md, Ziarulnational.md, Aif.md, Gazetadechisinau.md, Gagauzinfo.md, Trm.md, Agora.md, Infotag.md, Grt.md, Mold-street.com, Observatorul.md, Sinteza.org, Esp.md, Omg.md, Zdg.md, Timpul.md, Tv8.md, A-tv.md, Ipn.md, Unimedia.info, Noi.md și Expresul.md.
These portals were evaluated on the basis of several criteria, described in the monitoring methodology: availability of identification data; statement of editorial policy; professional standards publicly assumed, such as the Code of Ethics of Journalists in the Republic of Moldova; quality of media products; accessibility of site navigation. The data is available on both the Media Radar app and platform.
This is the second round conducted by the IJC during 2022. Through the Media Radar platform, the IJC aims to help media consumers navigate more easily through the information offered daily by the many online media resources.
The monitoring process took place in the framework of the project “
“Media Enabling Democracy, Inclusion and Accountability in Moldova” (MEDIA-M), implemented by Internews in Moldova with the support of USAID and the UK.