Monthly Bulletin, October 2022


Media NGOs call for law enforcement bodies to respond  to murder threats made against journalists

In a press statement signed by nine media organizations, including the Independent Journalism Center, on October 23, TV8 reporter Viorica Tataru received murder threats from a social network user. In a private message addressed to the journalist, a man threatened that the reporter would get shot for questions she was asking participants of the protests organized by the Shor Party. Similarly, Ziarul de Garda editorial staff reports are among the victims of online threats. Following the publication of an investigation into the protests organized by the Shor Party, journalists were threatened with beheading.

The signatories of the statement condemn these unacceptable practices. They warned that death threats and threats to inflict serious bodily harm, including threats made over the internet, are punishable under criminal law.

“We ask the law enforcement authorities of the Republic of Moldova, in accordance with their legal powers, to take note of the acts committed and to initiate the procedures provided for by law in order to hold the perpetrators of the threats accountable,” the statement reads.

Media NGOs condemn aggression toward journalists by participants of the protest organized by the Shor Party

Non-governmental media organizations have condemned the illegal behavior of several participants in the protest organized by the Shor Party. They physically and verbally assaulted at least three journalists who were informing citizens about events of public interest.

In a joint statement, eight media NGOs, including the Independent Journalism Center, recalled that during the coverage of the protest on October 23, TV8 reporter Viorica Tataru, journalist Andrei Captarenco and Journalistic Investigation Center cameraman Marin Bogonovschi were intimidated, harassed, and insulted by some participants in the rally. The inappropriate behavior of the protesters manifested itself in verbal and physical harassment and threats against media representatives.

The signatory organizations called on the Moldovan law enforcement bodies, in accordance with their legal powers, to take note of the acts committed and to initiate the procedures provided for by law in order to hold the aggressors accountable.

ISS requested blocking access to two websites promoting information inciting hatred and war

On October 24, the Information and Security Service (ISS) requested blocking access to the portals and, which, according to the ISS, “promote information inciting hatred and war in the context of the state of emergency”.

In the context of the war in Ukraine, the ISS also requested to block several websites for their dissemination of information justifying “military aggression against the legally elected power in Ukraine” and distribution of ““information of a false nature intended to undermine national security by propagating war.” These include portals such as,,,,,,,, and

The Government has asked the Council of Europe to stop supervising the execution of ECHR judgments in the Flux (No. 2) group of cases against Moldova

The Government of the Republic of Moldova sent an action report to the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on September 23 on the Flux (No. 2) v. Republic of Moldova group of cases. According to a document signed by the government representative to the C(t)EDO, Dumitru Obada, Moldova has executed the judgments of the European Court of Human Rights on the group of cases in question and consequently invites the Committee of Ministers to end the monitoring process.

The Flux group of cases (2) includes several cases examined by the Strasbourg Court. They concern the unjustified interference with the freedom of expression of newspapers and journalists, following judgments handed down by national courts between 2001-2004 and 2018. In these decisions, publications and media representatives have been found liable for defamation in civil proceedings and ordered to pay damages and apologize for publishing articles about alleged abuses by high-ranking officials. The Court found the convictions to be violations of Article 10 of the European Convention on Human Rights, which covers freedom of expression.

In addition to the individual measures, which relate to the payment of just satisfaction, the action report lists a number of measures taken by the Republic of Moldova to close loopholes in the work of the judiciary and ensure compliance with the Convention provisions set out in Article 10.

In conclusion, the Government considers that the individual and general measures taken in the Flux (2) group of cases have fulfilled their purpose of definitively implementing the Court’s judgments and preventing similar violations in the future. These would be sufficient to invite the Committee of Ministers to discontinue the supervision of the Republic of Moldova in this group of cases.

A study published by the Independent Journalism Centerin April 2022, entitled Enforcement of the ECtHR judgment in RISE Moldova v. Moldova, notes that “challenges to journalists’ freedom of expression have not ceased” even after the January 2022 ECtHR decision came into force, and that challenges persist despite the national legal framework corresponding to ECHR standards.

Journalists from Moldova, Ukraine, and Georgia exchanged experiences on combating Kremlin disinformation and propaganda in the three countries

The in-person symposium “Fighting Digital Disinformation” for Ukrainian, Moldovan and Georgian journalists, organized by the International Media Academy and Internews Ukraine in partnership with the Independent Journalism Center of Moldova, took place in Krakow, Poland, from October 21 to 23. The event was also attended by 12 journalists and media researchers from Moldova.

The symposium focused on sharing experience in combating Kremlin disinformation and propaganda in Moldova, Ukraine, and Georgia.

Anastasia Nani, Independent Journalism Center Deputy Director, presented the situation in Moldova, explaining that online platforms, especially social networks, are one of the main sources of disinformation. “Social networks, for example, are increasingly influential. They are both platforms for debate and tools for amplifying falsehoods. But we are convinced that media literacy and strengthening independent media are the solutions we should be exploiting,” she said.

Representatives from Georgia and Ukraine spoke about the situation in their countries, citing their efforts to counter Kremlin propaganda and disinformation. Olga Yurkova, co-founder of the project, a platform working to combat Russian disinformation, gave concrete examples of fake news stories relating to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and how her team has been countering them.

Participants also discussed Russian war propaganda strategies after February 24, the EU’s response to “Putin’s trolls”, how information warfare is manifesting itself, the European perspective on Russian disinformation.

Ways to combat disinformation and build societal resilience discussed in Chisinau

Combating disinformation and building societal resilience were discussed in Chisinau on Tuesday 4 October at a conference organized by International Media Support (IMS) in collaboration with the Independent Journalism Center (IJC) and the Broadcasting Council (BC).

During the event, participants discussed ways to monitor disinformation in Moldova. The President of the BC, Liliana Vitu, spoke about the methodology formonitoring misinformation in the media, developed with the involvement of international experts, which could guide the institution that regulates the audiovisual sector in the future. According to Liliana Vitu, the methodology is due to be released for public consultation in the coming weeks. In the context of the discussions, Ion Bunduchi, Electronic Press Association executive director, and Tatiana Puiu, Freedom House representative in Moldova, referred to the implementation of the methodology.

In their interventions, representatives of state institutions (Chairwoman of the Committee on Culture, Education, Research, Youth, Sport, and Media of the Parliament Liliana Nicolaescu-Onofrei, Head of Public Diplomacy, Strategic Communication, and Interaction with the Press Service of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration Daniel Voda, and Head of the Supreme Security Council Service of the Presidential Apparatus of the Republic of Moldova Stefan Tibuleac) spoke about the efforts of the current government to combat disinformation.

Conference participants continued previous discussions on combating digital disinformation in order to identify solutions. During the event, the IJC team, together with representatives of the Ministry of Education and Research and the Ministry of Culture, discussed issues related to the institutionalization of media education.

Journalists and media experts from 8 countries discussed current media challenges in Chisinau

Journalists, media experts, and civil society representatives from eight countries participated in an international conference in Chisinau dedicated to the exchange of experience in the media field. Participants talked about the problems they face and perspective solutions. A wide range of topics were debated, including economic issues, disinformation, propaganda, and how the media responds to these challenges under the stressful conditions dictated by the war in Ukraine.

FOJO Media Institute’s head of the regional section for Europe, Veronica Menjun, drew attention to the fact that the war makes journalists work under extreme conditions. Threats and arrests have become more frequent, and in extreme cases, have come in the form of kidnappings of journalists in the occupied territories of Ukraine.

“The arsenal of repressive methods against journalists is very large. Propaganda has become the main source of fuel for the war, and its voice is much louder than that of independent journalism. Many Belarusian colleagues preferred to speak at this conference anonymously,” said Menjun.

“Today, nothing is more important than truth and freedom,” Adam Michnik, editor-in-chief of Poland’s Gazeta Wyborzcha, reminded journalists. Connecting to the conference on Skype, he also urged them to defend their independence from the influences of both the political system and the dictatorship of business.

Journalist Vasile Botnaru alluded to the fairness and professionalism of ’journalists, qualities that should help them report without taking sides.

The event was organized by the FOJO Media Institute in Sweden, its partner in Moldova, the Independent Press Association (API), as well as partners in Ukraine, Latvia, Georgia, Poland, Belarus, Russia, and Armenia.

Report: Fake news and misinformation remain a significant risk for Moldova in the context of the war in Ukraine

The Russian Federation’s invasion of Ukraine on February 24 has sent a humanitarian shock around the world, with the Republic of Moldova being one of the most affected countries, according to a report by the Baltic Center for Media Excellence (BCME) released in early October.

The research, based on 14 interviews with eight media managers and journalists, four media experts, a political analyst, and an economist, shows the direct impact the war in Ukraine has had on the Moldovan media sector.

According to the source, there have been two distinct media types and approaches to reporting on the war. The first category are media outlets which, as soon as Russia’s military aggression in Ukraine began, comprehensively covered events non-stop, based on official information, and broadcasted video footage from the battlefield. These are primarily independent news sources. The second category are media outlets which, in the first phase of the war (February-March 2022), almost completely avoided covering events related to Ukraine as if nothing had happened, and then between April and June, began reporting on the issue by presenting Russia in a positive light. These are pro-Russian media outlets, which directly or indirectly broadcast Moscow’s narratives.

However, the rise of fake news and misinformation remains a significant risk, say experts interviewed: “Even though the authorities in Chisinau have taken some measures in this regard – they have adopted laws to combat disinformation, blocked some online platforms that disseminate fake news and disinformation – these actions have been reactive rather than strategic or proactive, and often bypassing laws and rules on access to information and democratic principles. As always, independent media outlets and civil society media have been the most interested in combating disinformation and propaganda.”

Among the recommendations offered by the researchers are donor support for the media, expertise and training for journalists in war reporting and crisis journalism, working within the constraints of war reporting, and understanding military censorship and the characteristics of information warfare. Also, with the rise of social media and what journalists have dubbed “Telegram journalism,” it is important to provide support in online fact-checking techniques to recognize and counter misinformation, propaganda, and false content.

BC sued by several  TV stations for being declared national channels The reasons given by TV administrations

Several TV stations that were classed as regional until spring 2022 have taken legal action against the Broadcasting Council (BC) for being declared national channels. TV station representatives cite financial reasons, among others, because they are obliged to broadcast twice as much local content. The authority, on the other hand, argues that the aim is fairness between media service providers.

The broadcasters took the BC to court on June 14 and 16. The first case involved the companies that own the channels RTR Moldova, Bravo TV, Cinema 1, and PEH TV, and the second claim was filed by Agro TV and N4. The reason is the March decision, whereby the broadcasting authority adopted a new classification of media service providers into national, regional, and local categories. According to the document, which came into force on September 1, there are 41 national, 10 regional, and 7 local channels operating in Moldova today. Under the previous system, adopted in 2019, there were only 13 national TV channels, while 38 were registered as regional and 10 as local.

Currently, the cases are at the stage of hearing the parties. According to the director of RTR Moldova, the first group of TV stations has so far obtained the suspension of the decision of the BC in court. The BC’s lawyer, Grigore Chitanu, claims that the authority has appealed to the Court of Appeal.

The BC lawyer claims that the institution was obliged to review the classifier by an article in the Media Services Code, which requires the BC to draw up and publish a list of national, regional, and local media service providers at least once per year on its official website. “A lot can change over the course of a year in the life of an audiovisual institution […] The BC has set itself the goal of greater fairness. Because although some broadcasters were considered regional, they have national coverage, and their broadcasts are broadcast nationally,” concluded Chitanu.

Viewers and listeners can send complaints online to the Broadcasting Council

Since October 11, viewers and listeners in the Republic of Moldova have been able to report problematic content they see on TV or radio to the Broadcasting Council online. Petitions can be submitted on a dedicated section of the institution’s website, which has a new address:

According to the BC, the public can complain to the regulator when they consider that the provisions of the legislation on audiovisual media services are violated, including those related to ensuring correct information, protection of minors, protection of persons with disabilities, gender equality, gender discrimination, race, nationality, religion, disability or sexual orientation, the volume of local and Romanian-language audiovisual programs, the broadcasting or retransmission of audiovisual programs which misinform, justify wars of aggression, deny war crimes and crimes against humanity, incite hatred, and others.

The deadline for examining a petition is 15 working days and may be extended by up to 15 days by a decision of the BC.

Media Legislation

Ilan Shor’s claim against RISE Moldova for alleged defamation rejected by the first court

On October 20, the Chisinau court rejected Ilan Shor’s application accusing RISE Moldova of defamation. The politician was unhappy about an investigation by journalists revealing his involvement in a drug ring.

The first instance decision can be appealed to the Chisinau Court of Appeal within 30 days.

The case concerns the investigation “The Soviet Cocaine Union – CASTA”, published in July 2021, which exposed Ilan Shor’s involvement in a cocaine trafficking network in Colombia. The material was written based on several documents, including an official memo attributed to a state secrecy.

A month before the investigation was published, RISE journalists posted a teaser on social media announcing the story. Immediately after, on June 14, Shor’s lawyers sued the journalists for defamation.

The Center for Independent Journalism (CJI) provided legal assistance to RISE Moldova. Cristina Durnea, the IJC representative who assisted the case in court, told the Media Azi portal that “the solution offered on the case by the first court is the natural result of the correct application of the law”. According to the IJC lawyer, the case Ilan Shor v. RISE Moldova was a specific and complex one, as the journalists documented their investigation based on documents attributed to state secrets. “Anticipating that it will be appealed, we can only prepare for the next stage in the appeal,” the lawyer added.

Media Monitoring

TVR Moldova publicly warned and RU-TV Moldova fined 15,000 lei. The reasons

At its October 28 meeting, the Broadcasting Council examined the results of its monitoring of the audiovisual media services TVR Moldova and RU-TV Moldova, which it sanctioned for its violations of the law, detected during the checks carried out.

TVR Moldova was monitored following a petition by Director of the Children’s Rehabilitation Center Ecaterina Gancota. The petitioner alleges that in the story “Patients in hospitals risk going hungry”, broadcast on September 29, the channel reported information incorrectly and that this would have damaged the image of the institution she directs.

According to the report, presented by the deputy head of the Media Services Control Directorate, Victoria Stetcaia, monitoring showed that the producers of the report did not ensure accuracy and correctness, which are contained in Article 13 of the Audiovisual Media Services Code (AMSC). The same article stipulates that the information must come from reliable sources, with sufficient factual documentation, a credible and impartial approach to events, and with a balanced reflection of different opinions, conditions which the authors of the report also failed to meet, according to the broadcasting authority.

TVR Moldova was sanctioned with a public warning.

At the same meeting, RU-TV Moldova was fined 15,000 lei (750 EUR) for broadcasting without a broadcasting license. The deviations from the legislation were detected following Ruslan Mihalevschi’s self-complaint. In this case, the control of the BC found that on May 14, the validity of the broadcasting license issued to the RU-TV Moldova TV station had expired. However, from May 14 to October 10, RU-TV Moldova continued broadcasting and was retransmitted via the cable networks of media service distributors.

For this violation, Euroshow Grup was fined 15,000 lei (750 EUR).

NTV Moldova fined 6,000 lei for unbalanced coverage of opinions in a news item with conflicting character

The BC sanctioned NTV Moldova at its meeting on October 28, following a complaint by the community. The complainant alleged that the broadcaster had violated the provisions of the Audiovisual Media Services Code on correct information in a news item it broadcast on September 15 as part of the main news bulletin of the day at 19:00.

At the beginning of the news, the presenter said: “Vote of no confidence in the government led by Natalia Gavrilita. A motion of no confidence has been tabled in Parliament by BCS deputies. The authors of the motion state that the country is currently facing major short- and medium-term risks on top of which long-term threats for which no solutions have been found.” According to the monitors, the statement “vote of no confidence” is ambiguous and inaccurate, given that the vote of no confidence was given only by the Communist and Socialist Bloc. In this context, the station reported statements by Socialist MP Vasile Bolea, made in the plenary of the Parliament, according to which “the Republic of Moldova is currently led by a government that no longer has legitimacy because it lacks the support of the sovereign in this state, the support of the people”.

“NTV Moldova presented the news unilaterally, without asking for the reaction of the Moldovan government. This violated the principle of impartiality and balance, as well as the principle of favoring the free formation of opinion,” explained Alexandru Antocean, head of the BC’s Media Services Control Department, who presented the monitoring report.

The majority of the BC members agreed with the monitoring results.

With four votes in favor and two against, the BC members fined NTV Moldova 6,000 lei (300 EUR). In June, the station had been sanctioned with a public warning for violation of the same article.

BC asks ISS, NAC, and Competition Council to investigate whether Primul in Moldova and Accent TV changed their final beneficiary

The Broadcasting Council (BC) on October 4 asked the Information and Security Service (ISS), the National Anti-Corruption Center (NAC), and the Competition Council (CC) to investigate reports that have circulated in the press that the channels Primul in Moldova and Accent TV, previously affiliated to the Socialist Party, now have a different beneficiary. The information was confirmed to the Media Azi portal by the Chairwoman Liliana Vitu.

The Broadcasting Council referred the matter to the three state institutions after it was informed on September 22 by Telesistem TV, the owner of Accent TV and Primul in Moldova, that the company had a new administrator, and several media outlets wrote that the two channels would thus pass under the control of the Shor Party.

Liliana Vitu is asking the authorities to order “an investigation to be carried out in accordance with their powers, in order to confirm or deny the circumstances and information mentioned”.

MBC TV station fined 25,000 lei for unjustified interruption of activity

The BC has fined MBC TV for unjustified interruption of broadcasting after it failed to broadcast from 12 September to 19 October. The case was referred by BC member Orest Dabija.

According to the audiovisual authority, on June 28, the company SG MEDIA M1, the founder of the MBC television audiovisual media service, requested the Broadcasting Council (BC) to suspend its broadcasting license for two months. The BC granted the request and decided to suspend the channel from 8 July to 8 September.

On 5 September, the media service provider informed the BC about the resumption of broadcasting from 8 September 2022.

However, the BC inspection revealed that MBC did not broadcast from September 12 to October 19. Thus, for the unjustified interruption of activity for more than ten days, the BC sanctioned the broadcaster with a fine of 25,000 lei (1,250 EUR) and gave it a deadline of 30 days to remove the deficiencies.

RTR Moldova, Cinema 1, and PEH TV were fined 5,000 lei each for violations of the conditions of the broadcasting license 

On October 21, the BC fined the channels RTR Moldova, Cinema 1, and PEH TV for violations of the provisions of the general concept of the program service. . The monitoring was carried out following a self-complaint by BC member Ruslan Mihalevschi and took place from September 12 to 18.

The BC  control department noted  that the three stations had violated the provisions of the general concept on the basis of which they had obtained their broadcasting license.  Some of the data in records submitted to the BC by the three broadcasters during the monitored period did not correspond with real statistics .

RTR Moldova, for example, claimed that it broadcast 19% of its own content between September 12 and 18, but the monitoring results showed 0%. In terms of retransmitted programs, RTR Moldova indicated 33.5% of its programs were retransmitted, but during monitoring, a volume of 63% was recorded.

Cinema 1 and PEH TV, during the period in question, produced 0% of their own content; retransmitted/pre-recorded/purchased programs accounted for more than 60% of programs broadcast. Cinema 1 reported 42% retransmitted programs (mainly series produced in the Russian Federation), but broadcast, according to the BC report, 66.07%. PEH TV said it broadcast 56% self-produced content, while monitoring showed zero percent. In the category of retransmitted programs, which includes programs and series from the Russian Federation, the channel showed 11% but broadcast 81.35% according to the BC.

By a unanimous vote, the members of the BC present at the meeting decided to impose a minimum fine of 5,000 lei (250 EUR) on the three channels.

Other fines and public warnings for several radio stations

At its meeting on 7 October, the BC fined and issued public warnings to several audiovisual radio media services related to compliance with the volume of local and Romanian language content. The monitoring was carried out following a complaint by BC Vice-President Ana Gonta, and other stations were previously subject to the same monitoring.

This time, the BC report showed that Radio Alla, founded by Radio Top, did not provide either the six hours of local audiovisual programs per day, as required by the Audiovisual Media Services Code, or the 80% of content in Romanian.

The radio station Vocea Sperantei, founded by Radio-RBS, violated the provisions obliging local private media service providers to broadcast local audiovisual programs for at least eight hours a day.

Russkoe Liubimoe and Radio ONE, managed by NG Production, did not broadcast 80% of their content in Romanian. The same breaches of the law were found at Megapolis FM, founded by DGS PROF.

The board members, therefore, voted to issue a public warning to the five radio stations.

Three other stations (Aquarelle-FM, Radio Dar, and Focul din Vatra) were fined 5,000 lei each (250 EUR) for failing to submit program service records for the monitored period.

Fines of 75,000 lei for three TV stations that did not comply with the provisions of the broadcasting license

At its October 7 meeting, the Broadcasting Council (BC) examined the results of the activity of Bravo TV, BTV, and Gold TV in the context of compliance with the provisions of the broadcasting license. The review was carried out following a self-report by President of the BC Liliana Vitu on the resumption of broadcasting of these audiovisual media services, according to a Council press release.

The BC asked media service distributors to inform about the distribution of Bravo TV, BTV, and Gold TV audiovisual media services from September 1 to 15. In their replies, the three broadcasters informed that the respective TV channels were not retransmitted during the indicated period.

Thus, the CA members fined the companies TV Balti, Bravo TV, and Aer-Comunicații Grup 25,000 lei ( 1250 EUR) “for the unjustified interruption of activity for a period of more than ten days” and gave them 30 days to remove the deficiencies, the statement said.

RTR Moldova fined 17,000 lei for lack of impartiality and good faith in the coverage of a protest by the Shor Party

The BC examined the results of the monitoring of RTR Moldova, following two complaints submitted to the AC by the community, in which the petitioner informed the authority about the violation of legal norms in two news bulletins, on September 7 and 8. The monitoring department found that in both programs, the broadcaster violated the provisions of the Audiovisual Media Services Code.

For example, on September 7, in the 7:00 pm bulletin, the station broadcast a manipulative news item about the protests organized by the Shor and PCRM parties. In the images shown in the news, placards with accusations against Maia Sandu and PAS were shown without asking for a reaction from those concerned. From the letter sent to the BC by the management of RTR Moldova, it is clear that the station did not even consider it logical to ask for such reactions.

On September 8, RTR Moldova broadcast another news item on its 7:00 pm news bulletin (in Russian) about Ilan Shor’s call to citizens to come out to protest. The monitoring directorate found that “the authors of the news bulletin used sequences from the initial message of the leader of the Shor Party on the YouTube platform, with images showing a beggar, needy old people, demolished houses, which not only illustrate the politician’s words but amplify their emotional effect and may suggest that they are the result of the current government”.

BC member Ruslan Mihalevschi also pointed out that the monitored news violated the principle of impartiality and good faith, as citizens were informed exclusively “through the position of a party, which is not fair at all”. He proposed that the station be fined 17,000 lei. Another BC member, Orest Dabija, proposed a heavier fine of 19,500 lei, saying that “this is a repeated offense and aggressive news”. Larisa Turea pleaded for a fine of 20,000 lei, since, in her opinion, “it is misinformation with intent”.

In the end, by a majority vote, the board members fined RTR Moldova 17,000 lei (1150 EUR).

IJC Updates

Journalists from different regions learned about constructive journalism

A group of 15 journalists participated in a three-day training called “Constructive Journalism – Reshaping Narratives”, organized by the Independent Journalism Center with the support of Deutsche Welle Akademie. The concept of constructive journalism (CoJo) is a relatively new one for Moldova. During the training, participants learned how to identify solutions to problems, how to reflect the context for a better understanding of the subject, and how to generate constructive discussions on relevant issues.

Instructors Aida Salihbegovic, Deutsche Welle Akademie trainer, and Ana Gherciu, director of the portal, explained to the participants the differences between constructive journalism and other forms of journalism, showed them samples of constructive journalism in foreign press, modeled situations, and did exercises with the participants.

“Unlike other types of journalism, which usually document what has already happened, (i.e., the past) constructive journalism is about tomorrow, the future, exploration, and dialogue with the public. In constructive journalism, we answer the question: ‘‘How are we going to do it? What are we going to do from now on?’” explained Salihbegovic. “One of the pillars of constructive journalism is encouraging calm communication and curiosity. Through the CoJo approach, we engage the audience in dialogue to increase their involvement,” added Gherciu.

Participants in the training received certificates of completion of the Constructive Journalism short course and have the chance to participate in a 3,000 EUR scholarship competition to produce constructive materials.

The training and the scholarship competition are organized by Independent Journalism Center within the project “Promoting Constructive Journalism in the Republic of Moldova” with the support of Deutsche Welle Akademie and the financial support of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). The project aims to promote the concept of constructive journalism in the journalistic profession and to improve the media’s ability to constructively reflect everyday realities through a training program, a mentoring program and the provision of financial assistance for the production of materials.

Media Literacy Week in Moldova, edition 2022

The Independent Journalism Center (IJC) held the fifth edition of the Media Literacy Week in Moldova (MLWM) from 19-25 October 2022. The event took place in the context of World Media Literacy Week, established by UNESCO.

Throughout the week, the IJC encouraged teachers who teach the optional subject “Media Education” or previously participated in relevant IJC trainings to carry out various media education activities to promote media literacy and critical information consumption among students. These include poster competitions, photo exhibitions, thematic meetings with parents, debates, or discussion workshops on media literacy topics.

Traditionally, during MLWM, the IJC presented the totals of the six years of promotion and teaching of Media Education in pre-university schools in the country.

On October 21, the IJC announced the results of the first round of the 3rd yearl Media Literacy Priority in My School Competition.

On October 24, the IJC held an online meeting with the winners of the first round of the competition to discuss the next stage of the competition.

Also during Media Literacy Week, the IJC announced two additional competitions: an essay competition on the topic “Why do I like Media Literacy?” for primary school students and a video competition on the same topic.

On 25 October, a media education workshop was organized for a group of young people from the “UniT” Youth Centre in Criuleni.

The Media Literacy Week is organized by the Independent Journalism Center within the framework of the project “Strengthening Media Education Skills in the Republic of Moldova”, implemented by IJC with the support of Deutsche Welle Akademie and funded by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ).

Media literacy has been part of the school curriculum for six years

The 2022-23 school year is the sixth year that Media Literacy is taught in schools in the Republic of Moldova. For six years, the Independent Journalism Center has been supporting teachers in participating in the initiative, through which the IJC promotes the conscious consumption of information and the importance of a media culture that meets the demands and challenges of the 21st century.

In 2022, the Independent Journalism Center (IJC) organized four more media literacy training programs and trained 73 teachers, increasing the number to 606 total. In this way, teachers teaching in Romanian and Russian from all over the country developed their media skills so that they can later contribute to the media literacy of their students.

In the 2022-23 academic year, 131 teachers who have developed media literacy skills in recent years are now teaching Media Education to 4,319 students in 175 classes in 105 schools across the country. Of these, 86 schools have classes in Romanian and 19 in Russian. The greatest number of students studying Media Education are from Chisinau (1530 students), followed by Causeni (148), Stefan Voda (147), and Orhei (126).

Media Education was introduced as an optional subject into the curriculum with the approval of the Ministry of Education, Culture, and Research in the 2017-18 academic year. A year later, starting on September 1, 2018, the course has been taught at the secondary level as well. For the fourth consecutive year since 2019, Media Education has been taught at all three educational levels.

Between 2017 and 2022, 11,880 students across all educational levels Media Education.

The Independent Journalism Center organizes media education activities within the project “Strengthening Media Literacy Skills in Moldova”, supported by Deutsche Welle Akademie and funded by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development, in the framework of the project “Media in Support of Democracy, Inclusion, and Accountability in Moldova (MEDIA-M)”, implemented in partnership with Internews and funded by USAID, UK, in the framework of the project “Enhancing Support for Independent Russian Language Media Institutions and Media Education Efforts”, funded by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, and in the framework of the project “Innovative Media Education Tools for Well-Informed Citizens”, implemented with the support of the Embassy of Finland in Bucharest.

The winners of the first stage of the 3rd Year  Media literacy – a priority in my school Competition have been chosen

The Independent Journalism Center (IJC) has named 12 winners of the first round of the 3rd Year  Media Literacy Priority in My School Priority Competition. The competition was launched in September to support and encourage teachers to carry out various media education activities and to contribute to the development of students’ critical thinking skills.

In the first stage of the competition, 7 schools were selected in the first category (schools where Media Education is being taught in the 2022-23 school year) and 5 schools in the second category (schools where this subject is not taught currently).

A total of 32 schools entered this year’s competition: 19 schools in the first category and 13 schools in the second. In the process of selecting the applications, the evaluation committee considered the proposed activities and the schools’ experience in project management, selecting schools from different regions of Moldova, including those where Russian is language of instruction.

See the list of winners here.
The selected institutions will have six months from November 1, 2022 to April 30, 2023 and financial support of 300 EUR to carry out media education activities such as debates, video competitions, workshops with parents, visits to newsrooms, a school blog, flash mobs, and quizzes.

In the end, each institution will present a portfolio of activities carried out with the six-month period. In June 2023, an event will be held in Chisinau to present the media education activities of the 12 schools entered in the competition.

The members of the jury, made up of representatives of the IJC, the Ministry of Education and Research, and experts in the field, will select two teams as winners from the 7 schools participating in the competition where Media Education is taught and two teams from the 5 schools where it is not taught.

The winning schools in the first category will be awarded an Interactive Whiteboard and the winning schools in the second category will be equipped with a Media Corner: a Media Literacy corner where students will have access to media literacy resources.

The competition is organized by the Independent Journalism Center within the project “Strengthening Media Literacy Skills in the Republic of Moldova”, with the support of Deutsche Welle Akademie and the financial support of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), in partnership with the Ministry of Education and Research of the Republic of Moldova.

Online Traning “How to Turn an Idea into a Quality Video”

20 middle and high school students participated in an online training called  “How to turn an idea into a quality video” on October 15. The participants are going to make videos to participate in the “Why do I like Media Literacy?” competition. The training and the competition were conducted by the Independent Journalism Center in preparation for Media Literacy Week in Moldova, held from October 19 to 25.

Natalia Gribineț-Strogoteanu, Youth Media Center Media Education program director, explained to the students what are the essential elements of a quality mobile phone camera video, how to choose the key idea and what to focus on to increase the impact of the final product. Participants learned about the importance of lighting, background, and composition.

Participants also discussed the accessible editing software options for smartphones such as Snapseed, Kinemaster, Quik or Animated Drawings.

The competition is organized within the project “Strengthening Media Literacy Skills in the Republic of Moldova”, implemented by the IJC with the support of Deutsche Welle Akademie and with the financial support of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ).

Young People from Criuleni Improve Their Knowledge of the Role and Importance of Media Education

A group of volunteers from the “UniT” Youth Resource Center, students of Boris Dânga High School from the small town of Criuleni, participated on in a Media Education Workshop on October 25 organized by the Independent Journalism Center(IJC).

The activity was part of Media Literacy Week. “Media education is an essential component of the IJC’s work through which we contribute to educating society in the spirit of critical thinking,” said Victoria Tataru, IJC project coordinator, at the start of the event.

Diana Raileanu, an experienced journalist who has worked in print and radio, introduced young people to many interesting aspects of the journalism profession, giving them useful information on how a news story should be written, what questions should be answered, and how important it is to verify sources before the story is published.

As for online behavior, Diana Raileanu also warned the participants: “It is very important that in the virtual space we are fair, we use non-discriminatory language, we are respectful, and we are careful what messages we send and what statements we make”.

During the discussion, volunteers from the UniT Centre were also encouraged to participate in some interactive activities, where they reinforced their knowledge about the role of media education and the importance of developing media literacy in contemporary society.

The activity is part of the project ““Building cohesion in Moldova through promoting social inclusion and diminishing discrimination” by the Independent Journalism Center as part of the program ““Joint Initiative for Equal Opportunities – Phase II”, implemented from the resources provided by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC).

Podcast cuMINTE: “On Omission or Manipulation through Silence

October’s edition of the cuMINTE Podcast brings to the forefront a manipulation technique used not only by journalists but also by other public figures. It’s called omission. The show’s guest, media expert Ion Bunduchi, believes it is a current phenomenon. Omission occurs when events that have happened and are of public interest or important details of these events are omitted from press materials or news bulletins. Often this is done intentionally and in bad faith. Ion Bunduchi argues that  those who engage in such practices do not want the media consumer to have a complete picture of what is happening in reality. This way, the citizen receives truncated information, or partial information or half-truths, he argues. Bunduchi notes that national legislation does not contain provisions that would penalize journalists who resort to such manipulation techniques. What is the impact of omission and why is omission dangerous? Ion Bunduchi’s answer is convincing: “If we don’t have all the information, we end up judging narrowly,” he explains.

The cuMINTE podcast is produced by the Independent Journalism Center with support from the Black Sea Trust, a project of the German Marshall Fund of the United States. The views expressed in this material do not necessarily represent those of the Black Sea Trust or its partners.

IJC and Internews Updates

The IJC Sums up the Totals of the Project through Which Several Media Outlets Increased Their Audience: “Today’s Investments Are Investments in the Future!”

The Independent Journalism Center (IJC) has summed up the 2018-2022 project “Understanding Audience through Digital Assistance”, through which several media outlets have learned how to increase their audience and boost their revenues. The totalization activity took place online on October 21, 2022, and the event was attended by media partners of the 2022 project (Agora and Ziua de Azi), as well as some of the media partners from previous years – Locals (2020), BAS TV and Vmeste (2021).

At the beginning of the event, Mariana Tabuncic, IJC Program Manager, gave an overview of the activities carried out during the 5 years of the project’s implementation. During this period, 14 media institutions benefited from financial support, trainings, and consultations in the field of audience growth and revenue enhancement.

Internews representative Maia Mikashavidze noted that the project allowed the IJC to work with quality partners who understood the importance of knowing your audience and that “all partners received individual, needs-based consultancy”.

Corina Cepoi, Internews’ director in Moldova, highlighted the digital component of the audience project, through which partners received IT support. “We are also happy that the success stories of our partners are presented as success stories for media institutions in other countries. Although the project is at an end, we believe that the results will be long in coming”, said Corina Cepoi.

Oxana Paierele, Program Officer at the Swedish Embassy in Chisinau, said at the end of the meeting that “these investments are investments in the future”.

In the period 2018-2022, 16 grants of 5,000 EUR each and two grants of 10,000 EUR each for the implementation of initiatives on increasing audience and revenue were offered under the project.

The project “Audience Understanding and Digital Support” is implemented by the IJC with the support of Internews and financed by Sweden. The project aims to contribute to improving the quality of media content and media institutions’ financial sustainability through a better understanding of the needs of the audience.


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